EDITION: August-September '05

PLANTS IN SUMMER: AN EXPERTS OPINION

Vicente Cleries




In summer every living thing is exposed to dehydration. If we observe ourselves, due to an excess of light and solar ray heat, we have a hard time if we do not refresh ourselves with drinks and showers. We also protect ourselves from the sun with hats, shade and sunglasses so we do not burn or be blinded by the sun.
In the same way, the plants we cultivate in pots have to be watered more often. Water them daily, some days more (let them drink), and others days less (like a shower). Like in nature, some days it rains more than other days.




Vicente Cleries




Due to the hardness and salinity of the water in Ibiza, the water can be detrimental, staining the leaves from the lime and burning the tips from the salt. Its better to water the earth (around the plants) so the roots absorb it.
If the water we use is from a cistern, or has a low lime content we can use it to wet the plants, as through the leaves the water is also absorbed and the pores are cleaned and they can breathe and maintain their functions, like the chlorophylls function. In the summer the ideal time for watering is in the morning or late afternoon when the sun is not so strong. Especially in summer, I recommend the afternoons before sunset when the water is absorbed better. Although in winter its better to water in the mornings. This is true for plants as well as lawns.
To save water and have the plants take maximum advantage of it, the drip system is recommended. If we hook up a programmer, one can see how easy


watering can be.
Drainage is fundamental for all types of plants. If water stagnates for a few days, it putrefies and can also rot the roots.
Covering the earth with a decorative material like pine bark, volcanic rock, etc. can help us keep the earth moist longer, and to a certain degree postpone evaporation.
To protect the plants from the sun it’s necessary to set up shading tarps, especially in July and August, when the sun really burns, or move the pots to where they get shade from 12:00 to 19:00 hours.
Drafts should also be avoided as much as possible, as they are detrimental to plants as well as people.
Another thing to keep in mind is disease. Diseases are to be treated rapidly, with the first symptoms, as they are easier to eradicate and no lasting damage is suffered.
In the beginning of the summer the APHIDS attack, later the WOODLOUSE, then the MITES and at the end of summer the WORMS among which we find the TRIPS, WHITE FLY, FRUIT FLY and others.
Meanwhile they also suffer fungus. Among the main ones we find THE ROYAS (small copper coloured stains), the OIDIO (grey powder), THE




CHANCRE (deformed black stains) and FUSARIUM (mould).
The treatments are quite effective, if they are caught at the beginning with the INSECTICIDES AND FUNGACIDES that we have available in the garden shops.




Pulgones

Ácaros

Mosca Blanca

Royas
 



To help you find the appropriate treatment we recommend that you bring a small branch of the affected plant and in this manner it will be easier to find the solution to the problem.
Plants do not have hands to take care of themselves and since they are not in their natural habitat they need ours, so, “lend them a hand”.



Ctra. San Juan, km. 2,9
IBIZA - BALEARES
Tel.: 971 311 113
Fax: 971 190 624
email: eivissgarden2@terra.es