Ibosim is one
of Ibiza’s oldest names. Translated from Punic language
this word means “Island of Bes”.
The midget guardian God, who was also worshipped in Egypt, was
brought to Ibiza about 1500 BC through Punic influence. His exact
origin is unknown to us and many experts think, he originally came
(descended) from the Pygmies, because his appearance is very different
from Mediterranean and Egyptian Gods.
He wasn’t especially a beauty. A midget person with long arms, short
legs, snub nosed face, bushy beard and big eyebrows. Most of the time he
is shown with hanging tongue, horns and hoofs. In some pictures you can also
see him with a giant penis.
Bes brought luck into the houses of all social levels and he was the protector
of the marriage and family. He took care of the women’s needs and their
jewellery. He was their biggest friend and helped them through birth giving.
Very often you find illustrations of him dancing around the young mother
with drums, tambourines and waving knifes. The noise, the horrible laughing
and his ugly face where supposed to scare off bad spirits and protect the
newly born baby.
Also you found his
picture over beds, because he was the caretaker (protector) of sleep.
He was seen as an important magician, and on many old coins from Ibiza
we can find this little bearded figure fighting with a snake. “Bes
the curse of all bad creatures” he was often called because he
also protected his followers against dangerous animals. Many people
believe, that the absence of poisonous animals on Ibiza is due to him.
But first of all he was the God of good moods and pleasure. Already
in old Egypt he was dancing in front of the pharaohs giving them
pleasure with the sound of harp, lyre and tambourines. Therefore
dance and music were an important part of his cult, clearly his
influence still continues in Ibiza.